As a woman, you might be concerned about your health in terms of gynecological issues. These are conditions related to your female reproductive system that may lead to cervical cancer, infertility, or painful periods or sexual activity. Please keep reading to discover more about the common problems and their possible solutions.
If you experience excruciating periods, you might have endometriosis. This is not the normal period pain most women experience—it is debilitating and has been compared to the pain of childbirth and other related pains. Endometriosis occurs when endometrial tissue that is shed during a normal menstrual cycle becomes inflamed and leads to growths or lesions. These are very painful and can cause infertility, among other issues.
The main symptoms for endometriosis are excruciating menstrual cramps, back pain during sexual activity, and often, difficulty conceiving a child naturally. Talk to your doctor if you have these symptoms so that you can get tested for endometriosis.
You may have bad menstrual cramps without having endometriosis. This is a condition known as dysmenorrhea. Most women have some pain during menstruation, but it can have a wide range on the pain scale. The pain might also lead to symptoms you might think are PMS-related, such as fatigue, nausea, and vomiting. Dysmenorrhea might be caused by other conditions, such as uterine fibroids, endometriosis, or infections, making it a secondary type of pain.
Another gynecological condition some women experience is uterine fibroids. These are growths that appear on the uterus but are not cancerous. They are not associated with uterine cancer or even a risk of developing this type of cancer, but it can cause issues like pain and bleeding. Typically, someone with uterine fibroids might have difficulty with long menstrual periods, heavy bleeding, leg pain, back pain, constipation, and frequent urination. Talk to your doctor to learn more about uterine fibroids and what can be done about them.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
Known as PCOS, polycystic ovarian syndrome can also cause issues with your menstrual cycle and the ability to get pregnant. When you have PCOS, it leads to a significant imbalance of your hormones. You might have long or short periods, problems with getting pregnant, and physical changes like weight changes and growth of hair on your face and neck that you cannot seem to get rid as quickly as others.
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