7 Medicine Classes For Blood Pressure Treatment

When it comes to high blood pressure, prescription blood pressure treatment is sometimes required to keep it under control. However, there are different kinds of blood pressure medications, and it’s important to understand the basics about them. With that said, here are some medicines used to decrease high blood pressure.

  • Beta-blockers

These are medicines that cause your heart rate to get lower. They also lower the output of your heart, which will, in effect, lower your blood pressure.

  • ACE Inhibitors

This drug slows down the production of a natural chemical in the body that causes blood vessels to decrease. This causes your blood vessels to dilate, which takes away some of the pressure.

  • Diuretics

These are drugs that help your body to rid itself of excess fluids and salt. These aren’t usually used alone but as a part of a prescription regimen to control your blood pressure.

  • Agonists

These medicines prevent blood vessels from contracting so that pressure won’t increase. They take advantage of signals in the nervous system to do their job.

  • Alpha Blockers

These are a class of drugs that cause the blood vessel walls to become more relaxed.  They also reduce blood pressure but in a different way than the other drugs that have a similar function.

  • Calcium Channel Blockers

In muscles, calcium helps cells to create a stronger contraction. By blocking some, but not all, of that calcium, the muscles can’t contract as hard. 

Calcium channel blockers cause the heart and blood vessels to have weaker contractions. This lowers the amount of blood that is moving through the heart during one contraction and lowers blood pressure.

  • Vasodilators

These drugs specifically cause the blood vessels in your body to dilate so that blood doesn’t have as much pressure moving through them.

Sometimes you’ll be prescribed one medication, but when your blood pressure is very high, your doctor may want to try more than one drug to attack high blood pressure in different ways.  It’s important to discuss with your doctor to understand the mechanism by which they work.

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